Cramps, bloating, lower back pain: it’s often a signal for women that their menstrual period is on the way. The uterus is contracting in response to certain hormones and is preparing to shed the tissue lining the uterus. If there is no underlying problem, the condition is called “primary dysmenorrhea” also known as menstrual cramps. In some women, however, the pain may be caused by an underlying medical condition such as endometriosis, uterine fibroids, or a pelvic infection. When there is an underlying medical condition, the pain is referred to as “secondary dysmenorrhea’.
Menstrual cramps may respond to over-the-counter analgesics such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen. When the pain becomes severe, if bleeding is heavy or if there is fever present, it’s time to seek professional medical attention to rule out a more serious medical condition.
Primary Dysmenorrhea Symptoms (Mild Discomfort):
- Pain in the lower abdomen
- Lower back pain
- Feeling of fullness in the lower abdomen
When to seek medical attention:
- Severe Cramping
- Heavy Bleeding
- Severe Constipation
- Temperature above 102°F
- Unusual discharge
Estimates indicate 50% of all women worldwide experience primary dysmenorrhea during or around the time of their period, and some prevalence rates indicate that as many as 90% of all women experience dysmenorrhea at some time in their lives. In the United States, it has been estimated that 100 million work hours are lost per year due to dysmenorrhea, which could translate into $2 billion in lost work productivity.
More than half of all women who experience primary dysmenorrhea indicate that their pain is moderate to severe in nature. Multiple treatments have been used throughout recent history to ameliorate dysmenorrhea, including herbal supplements, aspirin, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents, prescription pain medications and oral contraceptives.
In keeping with our dedication to developing pharmaceutical agents to treat diseases and disorders of women, FemmePharma Global Healthcare, Inc. is pursuing research and development of novel drug compounds to treat both primary dysmenorrhea and the conditions causing secondary dysmenorrhea. Using our innovative and proprietary technologies we hope to treat the overwhelming numbers of women suffering from dysmenorrhea.